Carolyn M. Shields

Carolyn M. Shields
Professor - Educational Leadership & Policy Studies
397 Education Building

Office Hours: By appointment

(248) 285-2166

Education
  • 1968   Queen's University, BA, French, English
  • 1970   Queen's University, MA, French
  • 1991   University of Saskatchewan, PhD, Educational Administration
  • 1993   Certificate, Problem-based Learning, PBL Training Institute, Palo Alto, CA
  • 1993   National Association of Secondary School Principal's Assessment Training Certification
  • 1986   Certificate, Creative Education Foundation, Certification, Buffalo, NY and Vancouver, BC
    •  Specialist Certification in Special Education, Advanced French as a Second Language, and Administrative Officer Training

Biography

Professional Experience:

  • Currently: Professor, College of Education, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
  • 2005-2011: Professor and Administrator, Department of Educational Organization and Leadership, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)
  • 1994-2005: Professor (all ranks) and Administrator, Department of Educational Studies, University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada
  • 1991-1994: Assistant Professor, University of Illinois, Salt Lake City, UT
  • 1970-1994: Teacher (mostly high school, some elementary for school districts in Labrador, Newfoundland, Ontario, and Saskatchewan); subjects taught: English, French, Special Education

Contributions to Training:

  • 2015-2017: Consultant, Lemont School District, IL
  • 2014-2016: Member, Advisory Board , Kia Eke Panuku, New Zealand
  • 2004: Director and Instructor Leadership Training Institute, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China (planned and conducted training for 40 secondary school principals)
  • 1996-present: Consultant to schools and school districts related to structural education change (year-round schooling) including the Roberta Bondar School, Peel, ON; Conseil Scolarie d’Ottawa, Richmond and Penticton School Districts, BC
  • 1992-present: Various workshops conducted related to the improvement of instruction and instructional leadership in contexts of diversity for academic departments, schools, and school districts in Canada, the U.S., and New Zealand, e.g. Hille Middle School, Tinsdale, IL
  • 1992-2003: Repeated consulting, program evaluation, and staff development contracts with the San Juan School District, UT, the district that contains the Utah portion of the Navajo Reservation, where my focus was Navajo schools
  • 2004-2006: External program reviewer for Ministry of Education NS and Ontario and Massey University, New Zealand

Administrative Experience (Education):

  • 2011-2014: Dean and Professor, College of Education, Wayne State University
  • Present: Advisory board member of five international refereed journals
  • 2005-present: Board member, University Council of Educational Administration (UCEA)
  • 2005-2007: Department Head, Educational Organization and Leadership (University of Illinois, Urbana Champagne - UIUC)
  • 2000-2004: Department Head, Educational Studies (University of British Columbia - UBC)
  • 2000-2004: Board Member, Commonwealth Council for Educational Administration and Management
  • 1996-1998: Director, UBC-British Columbia Principals and Vice-Principals Association, Principals’ Short Course
  • 1999-2003: Elected member of the UBC Senate
  • 1998-2004: Appointed Member, BC Ministerial Advisory Council on Academic Standards
  • 1998-2000: President of the Canadian Association for Studies in Educational Administration (also program chair and member of the Board of the Canadian Society for Studies in Education)
  • 1997-2001: Appointed Member, BC Ministerial Advisory Council on Multiculturalism

Research Experience:

  • Over 1 million dollars in grant funding.

Responsibilities

My graduate teaching and current research focuses on inclusion, equity, excellence, and social justice - with an emphasis on leaership for K-12 schools and school districts as well as higher education.

Academic Interests

My career has focused on cross-cultural understanding, cross-cultural leadership, and democratic education and leadership. I was a teacher in K-12 public education for 18 years and have been an administrator, teacher, researcher, and professor for over 20 years in higher education. I work collaboratively with colleagues in many countries and have supervised numerous international graduate students. I have planned and conducted leadership training in China; been a consultant to schools on the Navajo nation, to ministerial multicultural and education committees and have done volunteer work with non-profit organizations. Hence, skills are in program development, administration, educational policy development, research and supervision—all related to cross-cultural understanding and social justice.

Area Of Expertise

My teaching and research focuses on leadership for academic excellence and social justice, including the creation of environments in which democratic organizations can effectively prepare students for participation, engagement and citizenship in a pluralistic civil society and global community.  While recognizing the importance of contributing to a body of theoretical knowledge, I am also committed to research that has the potential to improve leadership practice and educational policy, and that contributes to a better understanding of how school leaders in diverse and multicultural contexts can create inclusive teaching and learning environments. Through my scholarly efforts I seek to help leaders understand that social justice involves facilitating the academic success of students as well as attending to the impact of inequitable conditions in the wider society. 

Research Interests

Research activities have resulted in over 100 publications in a wide variety of formats, including seven books, discipline-leading refereed journals, practitioner-owned publications, policy documents, invited book chapters, and consulting reports; service as either editor or editorial board member of sixteen professional publications, and as reviewer for over twenty publications.  During the past 15 years over 50 invited keynote and other presentations and dozens of refereed or reviewed conference presentations both at home and abroad have been given.

Courses Taught

  • Introduction to Administration and Leadership (Masters Program)
  • Seminar in Administration, Leadership, and Research with an emphasis on Social Justice (doctoral program)
  • Research Course - Proposal Writing (doctoral seminar)

Community Engagement Activities

Service activities include university service and service to the profession as well as community engagement, i.e., principal leadership institutes in British Columbia and in China, appointment to provincial ministerial advisory committees related to diversity as well as educational academic standards, and founder of the School Leadership Center at UBC.   Community service contributions include founding a non-profit organization to send books to schools in need and membership on the British Columbia Leadership Council.

  • 2008-present: Founding Director and Board Member, non-profit, Books to Schools (shipping books to schools in developing countries in need of print materials)
  • 2000-2005: Board member of non-profit World Servants, BC (raised funds and helped plan development projects)

Awards & Honors

2017
Honorary Doctorate Degree - Laval University, Canada's oldest university - founded in 1852; the oldest French language university in North America, and ranked among Canada's top research universities.

2010
Recipient of the Teaching for Social Justice Award (presented by the Leadership for Social Justice SIG of the American Educational Research Association)

2009
Recipient, Graduate Teaching Award, College of Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

2009
Recipient of the Distinguished Service Award (presented by the Canadian Association for Studies in Educational Administration for lifetime service and contributions to the field)

2004
Elected Fellow of the Commonwealth Council of Educational Administration and Management

2000
Recipient Liebman Book Award for Shields, C. M. & Oberg, S. L. (2000). Year-round schooling: Promises and pitfalls.

Presentations

What does it mean to be Homeless?
Shields, C. M.(Invited presentation). 5 2016 for the Community Chorus in Detroit, MI.

Reflections on the sustainability of Kei Eke Panuku
Shields, C. M.(Invited presentation). 10 2016 for the annual advisory board meeting of Ki Eke Panuku, Tauranga, New Zealand.

A transformative case study of superintendent Dr. David Dean: A committed social justice leader
Shields, C. M. 8 2016 paper presented at the annual conference of the European Educational Research Association, Dublin.

Transformative Leadership For Equitable Adult Education
Shields, C. M.(Invited presentation). 6 2016 Adult Education, presentation made to the staff of the Michigan Dept. of Adult Education, Lansing, MI.

Is truly transformative leadership practical or possible? Learning from superintendents
Shields, C. M. 8 2016 paper presented at the annual conference of the European Educational Research Association, Dublin.

Transformative Leadership: A Call to Action
Shields, C. M. 1 2015 Humanities Center Brown Bag presentation, Wayne State University.

Social Justice: Presence and Promise in Jesuit Education
Shields, C. M.(Invited lecture). 1 2015 at the Loyola University, Chicago annual conference on social justice.

Crucial conversations in Educational leadership
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote) 8 2015 Leadership conference of Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

Using Transformative Leadership to Turn-Around Schools paper presented in symposium Educating Marginalized Children in Inclusive Transcultural Spaces
Shields, C. M. 11 2015 at the annual conference of the University Council of Educational Administration, San Diego.

A Critical Examination of Some Tensions in Educational Leadership: Can a Rigorous Field of Study Address Issues of Social Justice?
Shields, C. M. 9 2015 Paper presented at the annual meeting of the European Educational Research Conference, Budapest, Hungary.

Lived Experiences and Educational Experiences of Homeless Children: Misconceptions and Challenges for Educational Leaders paper presented in symposium Homelessness Should be no Child’s Heritage: Addressing the Impact of Homelessness in Education
Shields, C. M. 2015 at the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association, Chicago,IL.

Transformative Leadership - From Technical to Equity Reform: Evolution or Revolution? Paper presented in symposium Theory, History, Debates, and Paradigm Wars: Whence the Field of Educational Administration?
Shields, C. M. 4 2015 At the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association,Chicago,IL.

Transformative Leadership as a “Turn-Around” Strategy
Shields, C. M. 2015 at the annual meeting of the Canadian Association of Studies in Education, Ottawa, Canada.

Myth, Fairytale and Educational Equity, Commonwealth Council for Educational Administration and Management
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote address) 6 2014 Commonwealth Council for Educational Administration and Management, Frederickton, NB, Canada.

Transformative Leadership: Promising Approaches for Educating Impoverished Children
Shields, C. M. 2014 paper presented at the annual conference of the European Educational Research Association, Porto, Portugal.

Transformative leadership for Maori achievement
Shields, C. M. 7 2014 presentation at the annual advisory board meeting of Ki Eke Panuku, Tauranga, New Zealand.

Transformative Leadership: A Call to Action
Shields, C. M. 11 2014 invited presentation at the Australian Catholic University, Sydney, Australia, November

Can We Research Leadership for Social Justice in Rigorous and Meaningful Ways?
Shields, C. M. 2014 Symposium organizer & presenter, AERA

Transformative Leadership: A Call to Action
Shields, C. M. 10 2014 invited presentation at the University of Denver.

The war on poverty must be won
Shields, C. M. (Keynote) 3 2014 3rd annual conference on the impact of poverty on education, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

University Council for Educational Administration
Shields, C. M. 2013

Myth, Fairytale, and Educational Equity in Higher Education
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote) 3 2013 Michigan Equity Conference, Detroit, MI.

Dialogue as an Educational Leadership Strategy for Impoverished Contexts
Shields, C. M. 4 2013 AERA, San Francisco, CA.

Preparing Leaders for Complex Urban Contexts: Challenges and New Directions
Shields, C. M. 2012 paper presented at the biannual conference of the CCEAM, October, Cyrpus.

Preparing Urban Teachers in a Postindustrial City
Shields, C. 4 2012 American Educational Research Association

To know is not enough: Engaging in Courageous Conversations
Shields, C. M. (symposium organizer & presenter). 4 2012 ERA, Vancouver, CA.

To Know Is Not Enough: Engaging in Courageous Conversations for the Good of All
Shields, C. 4 2012 American Educational Research Association

Supporting Quebec’s disadvantaged schools through transformative leadership
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote presentation). 2 2011 at the Montreal (anglophone) Conference on Quebec’s Underprivileged schools, Montreal, Canada

Conference on doctoral studies
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote address) 10 2010 Leicester, England.

Le leadership transformatif: Soutenir les écoles défavorisées montréalaises
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote presentation). 5 2010 at the Montreal (francophone) Conference on Underprivileged schools, Montreal, Canada.

Commonwealth Conference of Educational Administration and
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote address) 9 2010 Sydney, Australia.

A call for engagement: Educational leaders as activists and public intellectuals
Shields, C. M. (symposium organizer & presenter). 2009 annual meeting of CASEA, Ottawa.

The complexity of difference: Conversation about meeting the needs of marginalized youth in American school
Shields, C. M. (Invited chair for conservation session) 11 2009 at the annual conference of the University Council for Educational Administration, Anaheim, CA.

Symposium: The education of multiracial students: Theory, pedagogy, and policy
Shields, C. M. (Invited discussant). 4 2009 given at the American Educational Research Association (AERA), San Diego, CA.

Le leadership transformatif
Shields, C. M. 9 2009 Presentation sponsored by the CRIRES Research group, Laval University.

Leadership for social justice: Multiple discourses from the literature
Shields, C. M. (paper presented). 2009 in the symposium Teaching for social justice: Perspectives from the literature, annual meeting of CASEA, Ottawa.

Transformative leadership: Effecting socially-just education
Shields, C. M. (paper presented). 2009 at the annual meeting of the Canadian Association for Studies in Education (CASEA), Ottawa.

What counts as evidence in educational administration
Shields, C. M. (Invited participant for presentation). 5 2009 at the CASEA senior scholar symposium, Ottawa. 

Engaged and transformative leadership: Working equitably in diverse contexts
Shields, C. M. (paper presented). 4 2008 at the International Conference on Educational Leadership in Cultural Diversity and Globalization, Prince of Songkla University, Phuket, Thailand.

Rethinking Youth Identity in the (Micro)Policy Context of US schools
Shields, C. M. (Invited paper presented). 2008 at the post-conference symposium on Youth and Education, held in conjunction with the annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Studies in Education, Vancouver, BC.

Leveling the playing field in racialized contexts: Leaders speaking out about difficult Issues
Shields, C. M. (paper presented). 2008 at the biennial conference of the Commonwealth Council for Educational Administration and Management, Durban, South Africa.

Is there a relationship between social justice and school calendars?
Shields, C. M. 2008 University of Illinois, Psychology Department lecture series.

Combating the backlash to social justice
Shields, C. M. (paper presented and symposium organized). 2007 at the annual conference of the University Council for Educational Administration, Alexandria, VA.

Pedagogies at risk
Shields, C. M. (Symposium presentation). 2007 the annual conference of the American Educational Studies Association, Cleveland, OH.

The potential of balanced calendars to foster equity
Shields, C. M. 2006 A presentation made to the Conseil Francophone Scolaire, Ottawa (also a presentation in 2005).

A study of two leaders: Promoting diversity and school improvement
Shields, C. M. (paper presented). 2006 at the annual meeting of the International Congress of School Effectiveness and School Improvement, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

The chips are stacked against us
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote) 12 2006 for the annual leadership conference, Illinois State University, Normal, IL.

Good Intentions are not enough: Leadership for social justice and academic excellence
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote) 2005 New Zealand Educational Administration and Leadership Society, Dunedin, New Zealand.

History, identity, and social justice
Shields, C. M. 3 2005 A presentation made (with slight modifications) to four universities in France (Strasbourg, Lyon, Toulouse, Tours).

Flexible calendars: What does the research say?
Shields, C. M. (Invited keynote) 2003 UBC School Leadership Centre inaugural symposium.

Publications

Transformative Leadership
*Shields, C. M.* 2016 A Primer, New York: Peter Lang.

Le leadership transformative: Maintenir la langue française au Canada
Gélinas Proulx, A., & Shields, C. M. 2016 Canadian Journal of Education.

Four critical questions. Invited chapter by J. Portelli (Ed). for Key Questions for Educational Leaders
*Shields, C. M.* 2015 In D. Griffiths & J. P. Portelli (Eds.), Burlington, ON: Edphil Books.

From Paradigm Wars to Transformative Leadership: Can Educational Administration Foster Socially Just Schools?
*Shields, C. M.* 2015 The Sojo Journal of Educational Foundations and Social Justice Education. 1(1).

Addressing Inequity in Education through Transformative Leadership, chapter invited for L. Drakeford (Ed.), The Race Controversy in American Education
*Shields, C. M.* 2015 Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO,

Navigating the rapids: Leading for social justice in higher education, chapter invited for J. Ryan & D. Armstrong (Eds.), Working (With/out) the System: Educational Leadership, Micropolitics and Social Justice
*Shields, C. M.* 2015 Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Leadership for social justice education: A critical transformative approach, In Bogotch, I., & Shields, C. M., (2013), International handbook of educational leadership and social (in)justice
*Shields, C. M.* 2014 Dordrecht: Springer, Ch. 19, (2 vol),

Introduction: Do promises of social justice trump paradigms of educational leadership: In Bogotch, I., & Shields, C. M., International handbook of educational leadership and social (in)justice
Bogotch, I., & *Shields, C. M.* 2014 Dordrecht: Springer, (2 vol),

Can we impact leadership practice through teaching democracy and social justice? invited chapter for A. Taysum,& S. Rayner, (Eds.), Investing in our Education: Leading, Learning, Researching and the Doctorate, International Perspectives on Higher Education
*Shields, C. M.* 2014 Bingley, UK: Emerald, Volume 13,

Ethical leadership: A critical transformative approach, In C. M. Branson & S. J. Gross (Eds.), Handbook of ethical educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.* 2014 New York: Routledge, ch. 3,

The war on poverty must be won: Transformative leaders can make a difference
*Shields, C. M.* 2014 International Journal of Educational Leadership and Management. 2(2),

The Voices behind the Numbers: Understanding the Experiences of Homeless Students
Mohan, Erica, and *Carolyn M. Shields* 2014 Critical Questions in Education. 5.3 (2014):

International handbook of educational leadership and social (in)justice
Bogotch, I., & *Shields, C. M.*, 2013 Dordrecht: Springer (2 vol.).

The way forward, In Bogotch, I., & Shields, C. M., (2013), International handbook of educational leadership and social (in)justice
*Shields, C. M.*, & Bogotch, I. 2012 Dordrecht: Springer, ch. 62, (2 vol).

Transformative leadership in education: Equitable change in an uncertain and complex world
*Shields, C. M.* 2012 New York: Routledge.

Critical advocacy research: An approach whose time has come. In Steinberg, S. R., & Canella, G. S. (Eds.), Critical qualitative research reader
*Shields, C. M.* 2012 New York: Peter Lang Publisher. Ch. 1

Transformative leadership: A reader
*Shields, C. M.* 2011 New York: Peter Lang.

Can we teach deep democracy: And can it make a difference? In D. Zyngier (Ed.), Can education make a difference? Experimenting with, and experiencing democracy in, education
*Shields, C. M.* 2011 New York: Peter Lang.elds.

Bakhtin’s “novel” proposal: Lessons for educational leaders. In E. J. White & M. A. Peters (Eds.), Bakhtinian pedagogy: Opportunities and challenges for research, policy and practice in education across the globe
*Shields, C. M.* 2011 ew York: Peter Lang.elds.

Ecological and social justice: A leadership framework for sustainability
Kose, B. W., & *Shields, C. M.* 2010 The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, 6(3),

The invisible crisis: Connecting schools with homeless families
*Shields, C. M.*, & Warke, A. 2010 Journal of School Leadership, 20(5).

Transformative leadership: Working for equity in diverse contexts
*Shields, C. M.* 2010 Educational Administration Quarterly, 46(4),

Introducing Erica Mohan: A reflection and commentary on Mohan, E. J.
*Shields, C. M.* 2009 Inclusivity and the changing face of Canadian schools: Compendium of Canadian research.

Leading in contexts of diversity. In S. R. Steinberg (Ed.), Diversity: A Reader
*Shields, C. M.* (invited chapter) 2009 New York: Peter Lang Publisher.

Balanced calendar schools: A case for combining structural change and transformative leadership. In C. Kneese & C. Balinger (Eds.), Balancing the school calendar: Perspectives from the public and stakeholders.
*Shields, C. M.*, & Oberg, S. L. (Invited chapter). 2009 Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Leading justly in a complex world. In C. Boske & A. Tooms, (Eds.), Bridge leadership: Connecting educational leadership and social justice to improve schools. (PB) (Educational Leadership for Social Justice)
*Shields, C. M.* (invited chapter) 2009 Information Age Publishing.

Courageous leadership for transforming schools: Democratizing practice
*Shields, C. M.* 2009 Norwood, MA: Christopher-Gordon.

Roles, rights, and responsibilities in American educational governance: Paradoxes and challenges. In C. Riches & F. J. Benson (Eds.), Engaging in conversation about ideas in teacher education
*Shields, C. M.* (invited chapter) 2009 New York: Peter Lang Publisher.

Leveling the playing field in racialized contexts: Leaders speaking out about difficult issues
*Shields, C. M.* 2009 International Journal of Educational Administration, 37(3),

Leadership for ecological justice: An unfulfilled obligation
Kose, B. W., *Shields, C. M.*, Ibrahim, G. K. 2008 UCEA Review (Non-refereed Contributions) Summer,

High quality education for all students: Putting social justice at its heart
*Shields, C. M.*, & Mohan, E. 2008 Teacher Development, 12(4),

Toward an equitable education: Poverty, diversity, and students at risk
Portelli, J., *Shields, C. M.*, Vibert, A. 2007 Toronto, Canada: BTT Communications. (Non-refereed Contributions)

Bakhtin
*Shields, C. M.* 2007 New York: Peter Lang.

What is a good school? In W. Hare & J. P. Portelli (Eds.), Key questions for educators
*Shields, C. M.* 2007 San Francisco, CA: Caddo Gap Press. (American publication, first published in Canada 2005-2006). 

Doing time: Debates and tensions in schooling. In W. Ross & S. Matheson (Eds.), Encyclopedia: Battleground schools
*Shields, C. M.*, & Oberg, S. L. (Invited chapter). 2007 Westport, CT: Greenwood.

What’s a researcher to do? Insights for “post-anything” researchers. In F. W. English & G. C. Furman (Eds.), Gauging the impact of scientific research on understanding educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.* (invited chapter) 2007 UCEA Monograph Series.

A failed initiative: Democracy has spoken - or has it?
*Shields, C. M.* 2007 Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 10(1),

Creating spaces for values-based conversations: The role of school leaders in the 21st century
*Shields, C. M.* 2006 International Journal of Educational Administration, 34(2),

Schools that like a challenge
Hamilton, J., Johnston, S., Marshall, J., & *Shields, C. M.* 2006 Educational Leadership, 63(8),

Spiritual daring: Paradox and educational leadership
Fraser, D., & *Shields, C. M.* 2006 New Zealand Journal of Educational Leadership, 21(1).

Schools that like a challenge
Hamilton, J., Johnston, S., Marshall, J., & *Shields, C. M.* 2006 Educational Leadership, 63(8), (Non-refereed Contributions)

Overcoming disparity: Repositioning leadership to challenge the conceptual underpinnings of antiracist education. In E. W. Ross (Ed.), Race, ethnicity and education: Racism and antiracism in education
*Shields, C. M.*, & Bishop, R. (Invited chapter). 2006 Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood.

Pathologizing practices: The impact of deficit thinking on education
*Shields, C. M.*, Bishop, R., & Mazawi, A. E. 2005 New York: Peter Lang.

Dialogue is not just talk: A new ground for educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.*, & Edwards, M. M. 2005 New York: Peter Lang. (translated into Mandarin, 2009).

School leadership in the 21st century: Broadening the base. In W. K. Hoy & C. Miskel (Eds.), Educational leadership and reform
*Shields, C. M.* (invited chapter) 2005 Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Inspiring practice: Spirituality and educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.*, Edwards, M. M., & Sayani, A. (Eds.). 2005 Lancaster, PA: Pro Active.

What is a good school? In W. Hare & J. P. Portelli (Eds.), Key questions for educators
*Shields, C. M.* (invited chapter) 2005 Halifax, NS: Edphil Books.

Conclusion: Spiritually imbued educational leadership. In C. M. Shields, M. E. Edwards, & A. Sayani (Eds.), Inspiring practices: Spirituality and educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.* 2005 New  York: Pro>Active.

Spirituality: A foundation for educational leadership. In C. M. Shields, M. E. Edwards, & A. Sayani (Eds.), Inspiring practices: Spirituality and educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.* 2005 New York: Pro>Active.

Taking account of spirituality: Should educational leaders care? In C. M. Shields, M. M. Edwards, & A. Sayani (Eds.), Inspiring practices: Spirituality and educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.* 2005 Lancaster, PA: Pro>Active.

Hopscotch, jump-rope or boxing: Understanding power in educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.* 2005 International Studies in Educational Administration [special issue], 33(2).

Liberating discourses: Spirituality and educational leadership
*Shields, C. M.* 2005 Journal of School Leadership, 15,

Leading in the midst of diversity: The challenge of our times. In F. W. English (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of educational leadership: Advances in theory, research, and practice
*Shields, C. M.*, & Sayani, A. 2005 New York: Sage.

Leadership for social justice and democratic community. In W. A. Firestone & C. Riehl (Eds.), A new agenda: Directions for research on educational leadership
Furman, G. C., & *Shields, C. M.* 2005 New York: Teachers’ College Press.

Creating a community of difference
*Shields, C. M.* 2004 Educational Leadership, (Non-refereed Contributions) 61(7),

Balanced calendars
Waithmann, M., & *Shields, C. M.* 2004 ommissioned Report for the BC Trustees Association. (Non-refereed Contributions)

Good intentions are not enough: Leadership for social justice and academic excellence
*Shields, C. M.* 2004 New Zealand Journal of Educational Leadership, 19,

Leadership for communities of difference: Thinking about leading in diverse schools, Chapter 7. In K. Leithwood (Ed.), Second international handbook of educational leadership and administration
*Shields, C. M.* 2003 Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Good intentions are not enough. Transformative leadership for communities of difference
*Shields, C. M.* 2003 Lanham, MD: Scarecrow.

Approaches to student engagement: Does ideology matter?
Vibert, A.B., & *Shields, C. M.* 2003 cGill Journal of Education, 38(2),

Dialogic leadership for social justice: Overcoming pathologies of silence
*Shields, C. M.* 2003 Educational Administrative Quarterly, XI(1),

Giving “voice” to students: Using the internet for data collection
*Shields, C. M.* 2003 Journal of Qualitative Research.

A conversation about race and ethnicity: Struggling to understand issues in cross-cultural leadership
*Shields, C. M.*, LaRocque, L. J., & Oberg, S. L. 2002 Journal of School Leadership, 12(2),

Learning from Navajo students: Issues in the development of community, Chapter 8. In G. Furman-Brown (Ed.), School as community: From promise to practice
*Shields, C. M.* 2002 New York: SUNY.

Listening to educators: Insights into building more inclusive school communities, Chapter 6. In G. Furman-Brown (Ed.), School as community: From promise to practice
*Shields, C. M.* 2002 New York: SUNY.

Critical practice in elementary schools: Curriculum of life, voice, and community
Vibert, A. B., Portelli, J. P., *Shields, C. M.*, & LaRocque, L 2002 Journal of Educational Change, 3(2),

Focusing a crowded leadership agenda: Social justice and academic excellence
*Shields, C. M.* 2002 New Zealand Journal of Educational Leadership, 17(1-96),

A comparison study of student attitudes and perceptions in homogeneous and heterogeneous classrooms
*Shields, C. M.* 2002 Roeper Review [reprint of outstanding articles from past], 24(3),

The achievement gap. A comparison of Anglo and Navajo student writing samples
Ashmore, R., & *Shields, C. M.* 2002 Planning and Changing, 33(1/2),

The role of choice in school reform: Site-based design of year-round schooling for the 21st century
*Shields, C. M.*, & Oberg, S. L. 2001 Canadian Journal of Education, 25(1),

Francis Howell School District: Lessons about change from year-round schooling’s best kept secret
Oberg, S. L., & *Shields, C. M.* 2001 Planning and Changing, 31(3/4),

Leaders’ roles in disrupting dominant discourses and promoting inclusion. In A. L. Edmunds & R. B. MacMillan (Eds.), Leadership for inclusion: A practical guide.
Fraser, D., & *Shields, C. M.* (invited chapter). Boston, MA: Sense Publishers.

Minoritized youth experiences in the (micro) policy context of U.S. schools. In P. Carr & B. J. Porfilio (Eds.), Youth culture, education and resistance: Subverting the commercial ordering of life
*Shields, C. M.*, & Requa, D. (invited chapter). Boston, MA: Sense Publishers.

Response to Dr. Peter Grimmett’s The governance of Canadian teacher education: A macro-political perspective. In C. Riches & F. J. Benson (Eds.), Engaging in conversation about ideas in teacher education
*Shields, C. M.* (invited response) New York: Peter Lang Publisher.

Transformative leadership.  In E. Baker, P. Peterson, & B. McGaw (Eds.), International encyclopedia of education
*Shields, C. M.* (invited chapter) (3rd ed.). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.

Blindsided. Ethical leadership: Fostering ethical knowledge through professional inquiry
*Shields, C. M.* (invited case commentary)) Ontario College of Teachers, Quebec, QC, Canada: Laval Press.

150 years in the heart of Detroit